The Antibiotic Apocalypse (antibiotic resistance in pets)


have you heard of the antibiotic
apocalypse a time in the future where antibiotic resistance is the normal and
we will again start dying from minor everyday infections now this is not
science fiction the risk is here and now we all have a role to play and that
includes our pets Hi I’m Dr. Alex Avery from OurPetsHealth.com
helping you and your pet live healthier happier lives now responsible
antibiotic use is something that every one of us has to take responsibility for
we must all come to realize that misuse will result in the rapid development and
spread of multi-resistant superbugs but what are superbugs well these are
bacteria like MRSA which are immune to the effects of some or even all
antibiotics treating them with these antibiotics that they are resistant to
is pointless and does nothing to cure the infection sometimes these infections
are simply untreatable the deaths these cause global is on the rise with an
estimated 700,000 people dying from superbug infections every year if this
continues unchecked then by 2050 it is thought that 10 million people will die
as a result this is more than the number of people dying from cancer it’s that
serious but how does this affect our dogs and
cats well they are just as susceptible to these infections and the bacteria
they carry on the skin or up their nose or in their gut can be exactly the same
that we carry this means that our pets may be the source of infection for us or
we may infect them now as the problem of bacterial resistance has grown there’s
been a major effort by vets as well as doctors to reduce the misuse and overuse
of antibiotics there are actually many conditions and situations where
antibiotics used to be given but they can be treated just as well if not
better by other means my top five examples of this would be
simple diarrhea and vomiting superficial skin infections mild kennel cough and
other viral infections minor wounds and at five routine surgery now in more
detail let’s start with simple diarrhea and vomiting an uncomplicated tummy
upset is seldom the result of a bacterial infection that requires
antibiotic treatment the majority of pets will get better in a couple of days
with nothing more than a bland diet and possibly a binding agent or probiotic
although at the moment probiotics have been shown not to make a huge difference
in their current form now if the diarrhea is very bloody if a patient is otherwise
unwell if they have a fever then antibiotics may well be used in cases
where diarrhea is an ongoing issue then a sample may need to be sent to the lab to
see if antibiotics are really needed right next on the list is superficial
skin infections if only the surface of the skin is infected then antiseptic
creams or shampoos such as ones containing chlorhexidine are just as
effective as antibiotics deep skin infections do typically require
antibiotics often for three weeks or even more and any infection
that fails to clear should again be cultured at the lab now something which
doctors have been very good at telling us is that antibiotics do nothing to
treat viral infections if we have a cold or flu then antibiotics are useless
except in the rare cases where we also develop a bacterial infection and our
cats and dogs are just the same for cases of mild kennel cough and other
viral infections TLC and possibly anti-inflammatories are all that’s
needed not antibiotics small wounds are very common after all our pets love
exploring and getting into mischief so the odds scrape is just to be expected
just like superficial skin infections the majority of minor wounds can be
treated with topical antiseptics keeping the wound clean and allowing the body’s
own immune system to do the rest will work in most cases and prevent or clear
up minor infection now finally after simple surgery such as neutering most
dental procedures and basic lump removal there’s simply no need for antibiotics
to be given either during or after the procedure surgery should instead
obviously be carried out in a sterile a manner as possible and your pets body
will again do the rest at preventing any antibiotics should really only be used
if infection is already present if the surgery is going to take a long time if
implants are used such as to repair a broken leg or in other patients specific
conditions now the old-fashioned long-acting antibiotic injection or the
three-day antibiotic course after every surgery it’s a waste of time it’s a
waste of money and it’s irresponsible use of these critical antibiotics now
when antibiotics are needed in many cases your vet will decide on the most
appropriate antibiotic for that specific infection infections in different parts
of the body respond to different antibiotics in other cases your vet may
want to send a sample to the lab to check what the best antibiotic is this
is often the case when the course of treatment needed will be long when the
infection is life-threatening or where the previous use of antibiotics has
failed and resistance is a real concern this test is known as a culture and
sensitivity the lab see what bacteria grow and what antibiotics they are most
sensitive to with this information we can determine the best course of
treatment for every individual pet so this is all very well and good but what
can you is the owner do to help fight the development of superbugs well it’s
quite simple really although it may require your pets cooperation firstly
give the right dose at the right time for the complete treatment course
secondly don’t stop treatment early even if you think the infection is cured and
finally at 3 if you think that your struggle to give a type of medication
then let your vet know there might be another option such as a paste powder or
a liquid rather than tablets your vet team may also have some suggestions to
help you medicate your pet more easily now it is only by working together that
we all have antibiotics available to us in the future a world without
antibiotics is a scary thing to imagine and it may seem like a single treatment
of antibiotics and your dog or cat is just insignificant but unless we all
take responsibility the antibiotic apocalypse is a very real threat
now I hope this video helps you understand why your vet may not dispense
antibiotics when you expect or request after all we all want to ensure that our
pets as well as ourselves are healthy long into the future as well as now if
you have any questions or if there are comments that you’d like to leave then
I’d love to read them down in the comment section below
also consider subscribing and hitting the bell notification to make sure that
you don’t miss out on future content and allow me to continue to help you and
your pet to live healthier happier lives so until next time i’m Dr. alex from OurPetsHealth.com, because they’re family

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