Influenza – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Influenza, the virus that causes the flu, is one of the most common infectious diseases. Now, there are three types of influenza […]

Social Anxiety Disorder – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Say it’s your first day at a new job. Maybe you’re nervous or jittery. You want to make a good impression. Those feelings are pretty normal, and may actually help you be more alert and careful. But after a few weeks, once you’re used to the job, and you know your coworkers, that nervousness usually diminishes, right? Well, […]

What over-the-counter medicine works best at kicking the cough of the common cold and bronchitis?

The common cold causes a sore throat, headache, sneezing, a runny nose or nasal congestion, and coughing which usually starts a few days after the other symptoms, but often develops into the worst symptom and can linger for a few weeks. Bronchitis causes chest congestion, shortness of breath, wheezing, and once again, a lingering cough. Both are viral […]

Bone tumors – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Bone tumors form when a bone cell divides uncontrollably and forms a mass or tumor. If the tumor remains confined and doesn’t […]

Hypercalcemia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

With hypercalcemia, hyper -means over and -calc- refers to calcium, and -emia refers to the blood, so hypercalcemia means higher than normal calcium levels in the blood, generally over 10.5 mg/dL. Now, calcium exists as an ion with a double positive charge – Ca2+ – and it’s the most abundant metal in the human body. So I know […]

Disseminated intravascular coagulation – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Disseminated intravascular coagulation, or DIC, describes a situation in which the process of hemostasis, which is when after blood vessel wall injury, liquid blood rapidly becomes a gel, called coagulation or clotting, starts to run out of control. When this happens, lots and lots of blood clots start to form in blood vessels serving various organs, leading to […]

Postpartum hemorrhage – causes, symptoms, treatment, pathology

Postpartum hemorrhage is a significant loss of blood after giving birth, and it’s the number one reason for maternal morbidity and maternal death around the world. Specifically it’s defined as losing more than 500ml of blood after a vaginal delivery or more than 1000ml after a cesarean section delivery. Of course, deliveries can be messy and it’s impossible […]

Varicella zoster virus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

On our Youtube channel, you’ll find a limited selection of pathology and patient videos. With Osmosis Prime, you’ll get access to over 700 videos including complete coverage of pathology and physiology and a growing collection of pharmacology and clinical reasoning topics. Try it free today. Varicella zoster virus is one of the herpesviruses and it causes two diseases […]

Endometrial cancer – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Endometrial carcinoma, or endometrial cancer, is when malignant or cancer cells arise in the glands of the endometrium, the lining of the […]

Insomnia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Have you ever had one of those nights where you just couldn’t seem to fall asleep? While that happens to everyone every once in awhile, people with insomnia have to deal with these symptoms night after night. Some people with insomnia have trouble falling asleep, whereas others wake up throughout the night, and struggle to fall back asleep, […]

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