Volvulus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The term volvulus actually comes from the Latin word volvere, which means “to roll”. So a volvulus is an obstruction caused by a loop of the intestine that rolls or twists around itself and its surrounding mesentery, which is the tissue that attaches the intestine to the back wall of the abdomen. The three most common types of […]

Aneurysms (brain, aortic, abdominal) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The word aneurysm is based off the Greek word aneurysma, which means “dilation.” And that makes sense because aneurysms are abnormal dilations in a blood vessel. We officially label a bulge in a blood vessel as an aneurysm when the diameter of that bulge is about one and a half times larger than the normal diameter of the […]

Premature Ventricular Contraction – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The heart has two lower chambers, called the ventricles, so a premature ventricular contraction is when the ventricles contract earlier than normal in the cardiac cycle. This happens because an abnormal contraction signal, called a depolarization, originates from somewhere in the ventricles rather than coming from the pacemaker cells. So, if we simplify this heart a little bit, […]

Rhinovirus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Human Rhinovirus (HRV) is a communicable, infectious virus that causes inflammation of the nasal mucosa, or rhinitis. It mainly causes upper respiratory […]

Osteopathic medicine (DO)

Osteopathic medicine emphasizes a philosophy of treating patients in a holistic manner. In the United States, Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine, or DOs, are fully licensed physicians who practice in all areas of medicine who are trained to meet patients “where they are” and understand all of the things in their life that contribute to their health. DO medical […]

Alcoholism – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Alcohol is one of the most widely used psychoactive substances in the world, and has been a part of different cultures for hundreds of years. Drinking alcohol can have serious harmful consequences, it’s been linked to various cancers, gastrointestinal diseases, and metabolic problems. Over time, regular use of alcohol can lead to alcohol dependence and bouts of withdrawal, […]

Guillain-Barre Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

learning medicine is hard work Osmosis makes it easy it takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos practice questions and flashcards and so much more try it free today Guillain-Barré syndrome is named after two neurologists Georges Guillain and Jean Barré and it’s a demyelinating disease of the peripheral nervous system […]

Hypokalemia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! With hypokalemia, hypo- means under and -kal- refers to potassium, and -emia refers to the blood, so hypokalemia means lower than normal […]

Osteoporosis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Osteo- refers to bones and -porosis means pores. So, osteoporosis is when there’s a higher breakdown of bone in comparison to the […]

Placental abruption – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Placental abruption is the premature separation of all or even just a part of the placenta from the uterine wall, resulting in hemorrhage, or bleeding. This usually happens after about 20 weeks of gestation, and affects about 1% of pregnancies worldwide. The placenta forms where the embryo attaches to the uterine wall and it’s a unique organ because […]

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