Influenza – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Influenza, the virus that causes the flu, is one of the most common infectious diseases. Now, there are three types of influenza […]

Social Anxiety Disorder – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Say it’s your first day at a new job. Maybe you’re nervous or jittery. You want to make a good impression. Those feelings are pretty normal, and may actually help you be more alert and careful. But after a few weeks, once you’re used to the job, and you know your coworkers, that nervousness usually diminishes, right? Well, […]

What over-the-counter medicine works best at kicking the cough of the common cold and bronchitis?

The common cold causes a sore throat, headache, sneezing, a runny nose or nasal congestion, and coughing which usually starts a few days after the other symptoms, but often develops into the worst symptom and can linger for a few weeks. Bronchitis causes chest congestion, shortness of breath, wheezing, and once again, a lingering cough. Both are viral […]

Heart failure treatment – Late stages | Circulatory System and Disease | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

– So in the early stages of heart failure, remember that treatments were more targeted at the risk factors for heart failure and this is usually before the symptoms of heart failure even come about to try and slow or stop these symptoms from ever appearing. But in the later stages, when the symptoms associated with heart failure […]

Bone tumors – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Bone tumors form when a bone cell divides uncontrollably and forms a mass or tumor. If the tumor remains confined and doesn’t […]

Hypercalcemia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

With hypercalcemia, hyper -means over and -calc- refers to calcium, and -emia refers to the blood, so hypercalcemia means higher than normal calcium levels in the blood, generally over 10.5 mg/dL. Now, calcium exists as an ion with a double positive charge – Ca2+ – and it’s the most abundant metal in the human body. So I know […]

Disseminated intravascular coagulation – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Disseminated intravascular coagulation, or DIC, describes a situation in which the process of hemostasis, which is when after blood vessel wall injury, liquid blood rapidly becomes a gel, called coagulation or clotting, starts to run out of control. When this happens, lots and lots of blood clots start to form in blood vessels serving various organs, leading to […]

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