Heart failure treatment – Late stages | Circulatory System and Disease | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

– So in the early stages of heart failure, remember that treatments were more targeted at the risk factors for heart failure and this is usually before the symptoms of heart failure even come about to try and slow or stop these symptoms from ever appearing. But in the later stages, when the symptoms associated with heart failure […]

Bone tumors – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Bone tumors form when a bone cell divides uncontrollably and forms a mass or tumor. If the tumor remains confined and doesn’t […]

Hypercalcemia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

With hypercalcemia, hyper -means over and -calc- refers to calcium, and -emia refers to the blood, so hypercalcemia means higher than normal calcium levels in the blood, generally over 10.5 mg/dL. Now, calcium exists as an ion with a double positive charge – Ca2+ – and it’s the most abundant metal in the human body. So I know […]

Disseminated intravascular coagulation – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Disseminated intravascular coagulation, or DIC, describes a situation in which the process of hemostasis, which is when after blood vessel wall injury, liquid blood rapidly becomes a gel, called coagulation or clotting, starts to run out of control. When this happens, lots and lots of blood clots start to form in blood vessels serving various organs, leading to […]

Postpartum hemorrhage – causes, symptoms, treatment, pathology

Postpartum hemorrhage is a significant loss of blood after giving birth, and it’s the number one reason for maternal morbidity and maternal death around the world. Specifically it’s defined as losing more than 500ml of blood after a vaginal delivery or more than 1000ml after a cesarean section delivery. Of course, deliveries can be messy and it’s impossible […]

Varicella zoster virus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

On our Youtube channel, you’ll find a limited selection of pathology and patient videos. With Osmosis Prime, you’ll get access to over 700 videos including complete coverage of pathology and physiology and a growing collection of pharmacology and clinical reasoning topics. Try it free today. Varicella zoster virus is one of the herpesviruses and it causes two diseases […]

Endometrial cancer – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Endometrial carcinoma, or endometrial cancer, is when malignant or cancer cells arise in the glands of the endometrium, the lining of the […]

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