Epogen Treats Anemia Due to Other Medications – Overview

Epogen, the brand name form of epoetin alfa, is a prescription medication used to treat anemia due to the effects disease or other medications. Epogen belongs to a group of drugs called erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, which help increase the amount of red blood cells in the body. This medication comes in injectable form to be given into a or […]

DPP4 Inhibitors is a Class of Medications that are Commonly Used to Treat Diabetes

Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors (known as gliptins or DPP4 inhibitors) is a class of medications that are commonly used to treat diabetes. Gliptins work by preventing the release of glucagon- a naturally occurring substance in the body that raises blood sugar. Gliptins share a few common side effects including nausea, headache, minor skin rashes, and cold-like symptoms. These side […]

Levothyroxine A Medication to Treat an Underactive Thyroid – Overview

Levothyroxine is a prescription medication used to treat an underactive thyroid. Levothroxine is a synthetic thyroid hormone, which replaces the body’s reduced levels of this natural thyroid hormone. This medication comes in tablet form and is taken once in the morning on an empty stomach with a glass of water. Common side effects of levothyroxine include tremors, a […]

Crestor a Prescription Medication Used to Treat High Cholesterol Levels – Overview

Crestor, the brand-name form of rosuvastatin, is a prescription medication used to treat high cholesterol levels and to prevent heart disease. Crestor belongs to a group of drugs called HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, also known as statins. Statins help to lower cholesterol levels in the body. This medication comes in tablet form and is taken by mouth once a […]

Volvulus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The term volvulus actually comes from the Latin word volvere, which means “to roll”. So a volvulus is an obstruction caused by a loop of the intestine that rolls or twists around itself and its surrounding mesentery, which is the tissue that attaches the intestine to the back wall of the abdomen. The three most common types of […]

Aneurysms (brain, aortic, abdominal) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The word aneurysm is based off the Greek word aneurysma, which means “dilation.” And that makes sense because aneurysms are abnormal dilations in a blood vessel. We officially label a bulge in a blood vessel as an aneurysm when the diameter of that bulge is about one and a half times larger than the normal diameter of the […]

Premature Ventricular Contraction – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The heart has two lower chambers, called the ventricles, so a premature ventricular contraction is when the ventricles contract earlier than normal in the cardiac cycle. This happens because an abnormal contraction signal, called a depolarization, originates from somewhere in the ventricles rather than coming from the pacemaker cells. So, if we simplify this heart a little bit, […]

Rhinovirus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Human Rhinovirus (HRV) is a communicable, infectious virus that causes inflammation of the nasal mucosa, or rhinitis. It mainly causes upper respiratory […]

Osteopathic medicine (DO)

Osteopathic medicine emphasizes a philosophy of treating patients in a holistic manner. In the United States, Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine, or DOs, are fully licensed physicians who practice in all areas of medicine who are trained to meet patients “where they are” and understand all of the things in their life that contribute to their health. DO medical […]

Alcoholism – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Alcohol is one of the most widely used psychoactive substances in the world, and has been a part of different cultures for hundreds of years. Drinking alcohol can have serious harmful consequences, it’s been linked to various cancers, gastrointestinal diseases, and metabolic problems. Over time, regular use of alcohol can lead to alcohol dependence and bouts of withdrawal, […]

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