Hi my name is Pauline. There are lots of different
types of medication for mental illnesses, the main ones being antidepressants, mood
stabilisers, anti anxiety meds, antipsychotics, sleeping meds, and stimulants.
In this video I’m going to be talking about all of these types of medication. Before I give any information,
I want to stress that I am in no way a psychiatrist. If you have any kind of question about medication,
please schedule an appointment with your psychiatrist, or visit your doctor, as they are best suited
to help you. The most common type of antidepressants are SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors). SSRIs are mostly helpful for depressive disorders, although they can also help for anxiety disorders, OCD, and PTSD. SNRIs (Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors) also are helpful for depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, and OCD. SSRIs and SNRIs are most commonly prescribed, and if after a lot of trial and error there still hasn’t been found a working medication,
the psychiatrist might decide to switch to other types of antidepressants, including
tricyclics, tetracyclics, or MAOIs (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors). Mood stabilisers are
often prescribed in people struggling with a bipolar disorder, someone struggling with
any kind of mood swings, or depressive disorders, although in that case usually an antidepressant
has been prescribed as well. The most commonly known mood stabiliser is Lithium. Other types
of medications that also work as mood stabilisers are anticonvulsant medications, originally
used to treat seizures. Most anti anxiety meds,
such as benzodiazepines and beta-blockers, are taken on an ‘as needed’ basis.
Since antidepressants such as SSRIs and SNRIs also help to reduce
anxiety, these are usually taken first, and then if that isn’t enough, benzodiazepines
and beta-blockers can be taken too. The problem with benzodiazepines is that it’s easy to
become dependent on them or to build up a tolerance, meaning that they shouldn’t be
taken regularly for a long period of time. There is another anti anxiety medication called
Buspirone. It works similarly to SSRIs and SNRIs in the way that it helps reduce the
long term effects of anxiety. Antipsychotics are mainly used to treat psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions, but can also be used for ADHD, severe depression,
eating disorders, PTSD, OCD, and Generalised Anxiety Disorder. There are typical and atypical
antipsychotics, of which the typical are the older or first-generation antipsychotics and
the atypical are the newer or second generation medications. The atypical antipsychotics can
also help for bipolar or depressive disorders when antidepressants and mood stabilisers
haven’t been helpful. There are different kinds of sleeping meds: hypnotics, MRAs (Melatonin Receptor Agonists), tricyclic antidepressants, benzodiazepines, and antihistamines. Sleeping medications can be very helpful for someone struggling with insomnia, but it’s also easy
to become dependent on them. Stimulants are mostly used for people struggling with ADHD, but can also be used to treat narcolepsy, and in rare cases depression. However if someone
has ADHD, first they’ll try out a non-stimulant medication, and if these don’t work then they
can try stimulants. I hope this video has given you a better view on what kind of medications
for mental illnesses there are. It’s always good to know more information, but please
do not use this information to self-medicate! Psychiatrists have gone to school for years,
and no one who hasn’t had that practice could possibly know everything needed to know in
order to safely get on medication. Be safe everyone.


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